After going through a somewhat frustrating chain of troubleshooting steps to determine why a few Slave nameservers were not updating a specific zone, it turned out to be simply due to the fact that the serial number had not been changed after the update.
Goal: Write a BASH Script that traverses the DNS Tree and validates responses from Name Servers at the same level are providing the same response.
DNSStuff.com provides this service for their paid offerings, however it should be fairly straightforward to script.
Update: I started writing a set of DNS tools in PHP with calls to dig and they are available at http://dns.winvive.com
This BASH Script looks up all the authoritative name server for the .COM zone and queries each one to test if an update to “example.com” domain in this case, has been applied to each instance (a through m).
Even though this tests all 13 authoritative .COM name servers, be aware that there may be almost 100 if not more instances distributed globally using BGP Anycast routing.
SERVERS=$(dig com. ns +short)
for f in $SERVERS
dig example.com @$f
Here is some sample output: (total output is over 300 lines so it might be best to redirect the output to a file)
; <<>> DiG 9.9.1-P3 <<>> example.com @f.gtld-servers.net.
;; global options: +cmd
;; Got answer:
;; ->>HEADER< ;; flags: qr rd; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 0, AUTHORITY: 2, ADDITIONAL: 5
;; WARNING: recursion requested but not available
;; OPT PSEUDOSECTION:
; EDNS: version: 0, flags:; udp: 4096
;; QUESTION SECTION:
;example.com. IN A
;; AUTHORITY SECTION:
example.com. 172800 IN NS a.iana-servers.net.
example.com. 172800 IN NS b.iana-servers.net.
;; ADDITIONAL SECTION:
a.iana-servers.net. 172800 IN A 18.104.22.168
a.iana-servers.net. 172800 IN AAAA 2001:500:8c::53
b.iana-servers.net. 172800 IN A 22.214.171.124
b.iana-servers.net. 172800 IN AAAA 2001:500:8d::53
;; Query time: 83 msec
;; SERVER: 126.96.36.199#53(188.8.131.52)
;; WHEN: Tue Sep 25 02:50:32 2012
;; MSG SIZE rcvd: 176
This particular goal has been in and out of my life for a while. I would finally like to take it on and complete this goal to obtain my CCNA.
I am scheduled to write the exam on the 14th of October 2012 which gives me about 2 weeks to fully prepare for it.
In order to run the latest version. Setup a few nodes to be authoritative for a domain as well as a node providing recursive lookups for the local LAN.
Experiment with various options for logging as well as primary master / slave setup.
I have heard that to get additional features that have not yet been included in your particular version of the kernel, the best way to add them would be to compile your own kernel. Not sure what distribution I would use though. Still need to do additional research on that topic.
Not sure how long this will take me, but I think it would involve some cool learning along the way compiling necessary modules and plugins to make Drupal 7 work on a copy of Apache compiled from source